Manusmriti Dahan


85 साल पहले, डा. आम्बेडकर ने रात्रि के 9 बजे हिन्दू भारत का तानाबाना बुनने वाली मनुस्मृति-मनु के कानून के दहन संस्कार का नेतृत्व किया था। वह क्रिसमस का दिन था। 25 दिसंबर, 1927। लपटों ने अंधेरे आकाश में उजाला फैला दिया था। कुछ लोगों कहना है की आम्बेडकर ने ब्राहमणों की इस पुस्तक को सार्वजनिक रूप से नष्ट करने का निर्णय आखिरी क्षणों में लिया था, यह जल्दी में किया गया दहन था। कुछ लोग इसे आम्बेडकर के जीवन की गैर-महत्वपूर्ण घटना भी बताते हैं। इन बातों में कोई दम नहीं है। यह कार्यकर्म एक से नए साल की पूर्व संध्या पर जलाई जाने वाली बॉनफायर था, जिसमें एक बूढ़े व्यक्ति का पुतला जलाया जाता है। यह बूढ़ा व्यक्ति प्रतीत होता है पुराने साल का जो नए साल को जगह दे रहा है। सन् 1938 में डॉ. आम्बेडकर ने टीवी परवटे को दिए गए एक साक्षात्कार में कहा था मनुस्मृति दहन हमने जानते-बुझते किया था। हमने यह इसलिए किया था क्योंकी हम मनुस्मृति को उस अन्याय का प्रतीक मानते हैं जो सदियों से हमारे साथ हो रहा है। उसकी शिक्षाओं के कारण हमें घोर गरीबी में जीना पड़ रहा है। इसलिए हमने अपना सब कुछ दांव पर लगाकर, अपनी जान हथेली पर रखकर यह काम किया (राइटिंग एंड स्पीचिज ऑफ डॉ. बाबा साहब इतिहास दिसंबर, २०१२) उस इतिहास निर्मात्री क्रिसमस की रात सभी कार्यकर्ताओं ने पांच पवित्र संकल्प लिए। manusmriti-dahan-divas1. मैं जन्म-आधारित चतुर्वर्ण में विश्वास नहीं रखता। 2. मैं जातिगत भेदभाव में विश्वास नहीं रखता। 3. मैं विश्वास करता हूं की अछूत प्रथा, हिन्दू धर्म का कलंक है और मैं अपनी पूरी ईमानदारी और क्षमता से उसे समूल नष्ट करने की कोशिश करूँगा l 4. यह मानते हुए की कोई छोटा-बड़ा नहीं है, मैं खानपान के मामले में, कम से कम हिन्दुओं के बीच, किसी प्रकार का भेदभाव नहीं करूँगा l 5. मैं विश्वास करता हूँ की मंदिरों, पानी के स़्त्रोतों, स्कूलों और अन्य सुविधाओं पर बराबर का अधिकार है। छ:ह लोगों ने दो दिन की मेहनत से सभा के लिए पंडाल बनाया था। पंडाल के नीचे गडढा खोदा गया था, जिसकी गहराई छह इंच थी और लम्बाई व चौड़ाई डेढ़-डेढ़ फीट। इसमें चंदन की लकड़ी के टुकड़े भरे हुए थे। गड्ढे के चारों कोनों पर खंभे गाड़े गए थे। तीन ओर बैनर टंगे थे। क्रिसमस कार्ड की तरह झूल रहे इन बैनरों पर लिखा था – मनुस्मृति दहन भूमि। – ब्राहम्णवाद को दफनाओ। – छुआछूत को नष्ट करो । वे क्या सोच रहे थे ? उस समय डा. आम्बेडकर के दिमाग में क्या चल रहा था ? सन् 1927 का वह क्रिसमस भारत के लिए आज भी क्यों महत्वपूर्ण है ? आम्बेडकर के लिए स्मृति साहित्य और विशेषकर मनुस्मृति…जन्म न की योग्यता को व्यक्ति की समाज में भूमिका का निर्धारक बनाता था, शूद्रों को गुलामों का दर्जा देता था और महिलाओं को गुमनामी की जिंदगी देता था। (रॉड्रिग्स, इसेन्शियल राइटिंग्स ऑफ बीआर आम्बेडकर, ऑक्सफोर्ड यूनिवर्सिटी प्रेस, 2002, 24)। इस संबंध में उनके लेखन से लिए गए डा. आम्बेडकर के प्रासंगिक विचार निम्नानुसार हैं: 1. मनुस्मृति : जला डालो * ऐसा लग सकता है की मैं भारत को कानून देने वाले मनु की अनावश्यक रूप से कटु आलोचना कर रहा हूं। परंतु मैं जानता हूं की मैं अपनी पूरी ताकत लगा दूं तब भी मैं उनके भूत को नहीं मार सक ता। वे बिना शरीर की आत्मा की तरह जीवित हैं और आज भी उनकी बात सुनी जाती है और मुझे भय है की वे बहुत लंबे समय तक जीवित रहेंगे।

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2 Responses to Manusmriti Dahan

  1. vinod kr says:

    Skand Puran, the story available at website ………………………

    EXECUTION OF SHUMBH, NISHUMBH & MAHISHASUR
    Demons ( Asurs) by Hindu mythology:
    1.) Mahishasur: the king of Purliya Distt.of West Bengal & Mysore (Karnatka) ( todays Yadav caste),
    2.) Prachanda: the king of upper Himalya (Nepal) ( today Maoist),
    3.) Chamar: The king of Dalit (Shiva) North India ( Today Dalit),
    4.) Mahahanu:शिव। (. तक्षक जाति का एक प्रकार का साँप), Shiva’s people/follower,
    5.) Dahan: The demon of Sambalpur distt.( Today’s Jat ),
    6.) Vikataksha: Chief of the Asuras, in the reign of king Bali.Non-Aryans, (Today non-brahamins)
    7.) Mahamauli: Barbarian ( outsider of the Aryavarta),Non-aryans Today Non-Brahamins
    8.) Shumbh and Nishumbh: The kings of Vindyachal mountain ( todays Dalit & backwords in Vindhyachal distt)
    The demons named Shumbh and Nishumbh had received boons from Brahma according to which no deity, demon or Man could kill him. Shumbh and Nishumbh became excessively arrogant and started tormenting the deities. All the deities including Lord Vishnu went to Lord Shiva and requested for his help. Lord Shiva assured them that both the demons would be killed at the opportune time. The deities were satisfied and returned back to their respective abodes. Parvati was of dark complexion. She thought that Shiva would be more affectionate towards her if she somehow discarded her dark skin. She eventually discarded her dark skin at a place and it instantly got transformed into ‘Kali Kaushiki’. She then did an austere penance at Vindhyachal mountain. At that time, Shumbh and Nishumbh lived there. When both the demons saw goddess Kali Kaushiki her divine beauty infatuated them. But Goddess Kali Kaushiki ultimately killed both of them.
    Having accomplished her mission, Kali Kaushiki did a tremendous penance at ‘Gauri-peak’ and regained her fair complexion. In course of time she became the mother of Ganesh and Kartikeya. Once, goddess Parvati went to Arunachal mountain where Sage Gautam was doing penance. She was so enchanted by the scenery over there that she decided to do penance. She instructed goddess Durga to stand guard till she accomplished her penance. She also ordered the two goddesses Subhaga and Dhundhukumari to keep a watch in all directions.
    Mahishasur–the demon sent a female messenger to convince Parvati into marrying him. The female messenger disguised herself as a female hermit and tried to impress all the three goddess who were keeping surveillance by praising the glory of Mahishasur–
    ‘O beautiful ladies! Why is your mistress living in such a secluded place? She is worthy of living in a royal palace. There is nobody among the deities who is fit enough to marry her. But, Mahishasur–the lord of all the three worlds is certainly fit to become her husband.’But all the three goddesses drove the female messenger away. Ultimately, Mahishasur came accompanied by a large army to forcibly abduct goddess Parvati. The commotion caused by the demons disturbed Parvati’s meditation. She instructed Durga to kill all the demons.Goddess Durga transformed her appearance. Now she looked ferocious in her new appearance. She was well equipped with all sort of lethal weapons and was mounted on a lion. She thundered loudly and challenged Mahishasur. Countless ‘yoginis’ manifested from her body. These yoginis attacked Mahishasur’s army and killed many demons. The whole battlefield was splashed with blood.
    Goddess Chamunda (Durga) severed the heads of ‘Chand’ and ‘Mund’ with her chakra. Mahishasur was enraged and he attacked goddess Durga. Some other demons like Prachanda, Chamar, Mahamauli, Mahahanu, Ugravaktra, Vikataksha and Dahan also came forward to help him but each one of them was killed by goddess Durga. Now, Mahishasur’s anger crossed all limits and he menacingly ran towards goddess Durga. A severe battle was fought between both of them. When Mahishasur realized that the goddess was dominating the battle, he started changing his guises frequently. He tried to dodge goddess Durga by transforming his appearance into that of a boar. But, goddess Durga kept on chasing him. Then, Mahishasur became a lion. This way he kept on changing his appearances frequently to avoid getting killed by goddess Durga. Once he transformed himself into a buffalo but goddess Durga attacked him.
    This way, Mahishasur was forced to change his appearance frequently on account of relentless attack by goddess Durga. Ultimately Durga killed him. Goddess Durga picked up his severed head and danced in joy. The deities were relieved at the death of Mahishasur.

    Ref.:- http://www.bharatadesam.com/spiritual/skanda_purana.php

  2. vinod kr says:

    The Idea / thought of “Reservation based on economic ground” is just a conspiracy by upper caste people. In case it is implemented, no one from SC/ST/OBC will be able to manage his/her income certificate from the govt. agencies because these agencies will be from upper caste people only. Only upper caste peoples will be able to manage fake certificates by any ways and will consume 100@ reservation because SC.ST/OBC can not fight in courts where 99% are from upper caste. For example there is 100% reservation for brahamins in Temples who are getting generally greater than 2 lakhs per months from public donations in temples, they all will make “poor certificates” because there is no proof of their income in temples. Hence, finally SC/ST/OBC will be SHUDRAs of MANU ( Brahaminical root). And MANU will smile again.
    Do not allow such bullshit ideas for reservation. The Reservation was the way for representation of untouchables in India and was agreed by British when India got freedom as subject to this caste reservation.
    Caste based reservation should be continue always until , every one is equal w.r.t. caste i.e. when there will not be any caste in India i.e. when all people will remove their Surname i.e. Bhagwat/Gandhi/Diwedi/Tripathi/Joshi/Agrawal/Kejriwal/Sharma/Verma/Singh/etc. etc. etc.

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